Monday, October 7, 2013
Intestinal monosaccharide transporters (Photo credit: Wikipedia)http://www.dixiecrystals.com/sugar-products/granulated-sugar/sugar-bag
It is called sugar to sucrose , whose chemical formula is C 12 H 22 O 11 , also called "table sugar" or "table sugar." Sucrose is a disaccharideconsisting of one molecule of glucose and one of fructose , which is obtained mainly from sugar cane or beet .
In industrial areas use the word sugar (in male or female) or sugars (in men) to designate the various monosaccharides and disaccharides , which generally have a sweet taste, but by extension refers to all carbohydrates .
Sugar may be sweet when heated above its decomposition point (browning reaction). If heated above 145 ° C in the presence of amino compounds, for example derivatives of protein, takes place the complex system of Maillard reactions which generates colors, flavors and odors usually desirable, and also small amounts of undesirable compounds.
Sugar is an important source of calories in the modern diet, but is often associated with empty calories , due to the complete lack of vitamins and minerals.